Beyond market feeling: 3 indicators we created for understanding better what is happening on the construction market

This post of mine appeared first on the EUROCONSTRUCT blog in mid-February and introduced one of our researches in Hungary. This research is about creating such aggregates from the data of individual construction projects which carry new, up-to-date information on the current performance of construction market segments. Since then, however, we have published our first findings for the EECFA member Romania as well. Most of the original text stands for Romania too, but there are some differences so these are included in brackets.

1_intro_normal
Thanks to The National Bank of England for the fan chart and Cosgrove Hall Films for Jamie and the Magic Torch

The regular fan-chart of The Bank of England’s GDP forecast is perfectly honest about the challenge we all face while putting together historical construction data and forecast. Uncertainty is there, not only on the right, but on the left of the dotted line as well, thanks to revisions. This post is focusing on how uncertainty surrounding the present and some months ahead in the future could be eased with aggregated construction project data. These are Hungarian and Romanian examples.

Continue reading Beyond market feeling: 3 indicators we created for understanding better what is happening on the construction market

Advertisements

EECFA 2016 Winter Forecast

EECFA has released its winter construction forecast reports on 2 December 2016. In this post you will find the concise summary on our expectations for the 8 construction markets we are dealing with: Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine. You can also find us and our reports on eecfa.com.

eecfa_pressgraph

 

Regional outlook

South-East Europe is very optimistic. After the transitory 2016, when shrinkage in the civil engineering market in the EU countries of the region dragged down the region’s total performance, high growth is expected to characterize the total construction market in the upcoming years. Each EECFA country of the region predicts an expansion beyond 5% for 2017 and a further increase for 2018. Building construction, coming back from low levels, is predicted to expand faster than civil engineering in 2017.

Eastern Europe is at a standstill as a whole. In Russia, we expect a prolonged decline. The total construction market is not predicted to expand before 2018, and we believe that the growth of civil engineering sub-market can only alleviate the loss awaited in building construction in 2017. In Turkey, our stories for the upcoming years is rather similar to that of Russia, slight optimism in civil engineering, slight pessimism in building construction leads to a total market which is not predicted to grow until 2018. In Ukraine, all-round recovery is forecasted. From the very low levels, we expect relatively high growth rates for 2017 and 2018.

eecfa-_presstable

Continue reading EECFA 2016 Winter Forecast

EBI Építésaktivitási Jelentés

  • Hány darab irodaprojekt építése kezdődött meg 2016 1. félévben az országban?
  • 114 darab
  • De ebből mennyi az új építés, és mekkora a volumene?
  • 33 darab és az összes becsült építési érték 66 milliárd forint.
  • És mennyi felújítási projekt indult el oktatási épületeken?
  • 80
  • Milyen értékben?
  • 14.9 milliárd forintnyi, ami 20%-kal kevesebb, mint 2015 1.  félévében.

Az összes magas és mélyépítési szegmensre ilyen és ehhez hasonló adatokat állítunk elő egy kutatás keretében, melynek első kézzel fogható összegzése szeptemberben készült el. Az összes az jelenti, hogy a lakásépítést külön, a nem-lakáscélú magasépítést 9, a mélyépítést 8 szegmensbe kategorizálva aggregáljuk az egyedi építési projektadatokat.

Ezt a posztot egyfajta kézikönyvnek szánjuk, hogy bemutassuk milyen adatok kerültek az EBI Építésaktivitási jelentésbe.

A sajtóanyag itt elérhető: .zip (egy pdf és néhány kép)

A teljes anyag az ibuild.info oldalán olvasható (regisztáció után)

1. A fenti példát folytatva, azon kívül, hogy 114 irodaprojekt kivitelezési munkái indultak el az országban 2016 1. félévében, azt mutajuk még be, hogy ezek várt építési értéke 88 milliárd forint, és hogy ez háromszor annyi mint az előző év hasonló időszakában elindult irodaprojektek építési értéke.

aktivitas_1

Continue reading EBI Építésaktivitási Jelentés

Q2 2016 Permit – Completion results of EECFA countries

In Q2 2016 the number of permits issued in the latest 4 quarters for residential homes increased by 14% in the Balkan EECFA countries together, compared to the same period last year. Turkey registered a 10% growth in this term, while Ukraine’s Q1 2016 (latest available) figures are almost 30% up.

In case of non-residential buildings, permitted floor area remained at the same level in the Balkan as recorded a year ago, while Turkey saw a drop of 1% in Q2 2016, and Ukraine ended up 20% positive in Q4 2015 (latest available).

In Russia, residential completion of the latest 4 quarters decreased by 2% in Q2 2016 and non-residential completion stood at 1% in comparison with a year ago. (Russia-wide permit data is not available)

The updated interactive permit-completion graphs of EECFA countries are available here:

  1. Residential permit-completion (number of dwellings)
  2. Non-residential permit-completion (floor area and number of buildings)

On the residential graphs, the number of dwellings is displayed, and you can choose the countries and the data type. Besides these options, on non-residential graphs you can also choose the indicator type (floor area or number of buildings)

As we regularly issue forecasts, for us the most important question of this compilation is whether the newly incoming data are in line with our latest (short-term) forecast or not. So below we have highlighted some countries and tried to put the figures into this perspective.

  • Residential permit– Biggest growth rates: Serbia

Almost 13 thousand permitted dwellings in the Q2 2015 – Q2 2016 period translate to a 44% growth on comparable basis. This is supporting our view that completion could start increasing this year.

residential-serbia

 

  • Residential permit– Biggest growth rates: Ukraine

Permit reached an estimated 178 thousand in the last 4 reported quarters together, which is a 29% increase, while completion was above 110 thousand. It does not contradict our view that completion in 2016 will remain at around its 2015 level.

residential-ukraine

  • Residential completion – Biggest markets: Russia

In the Q2 2015 – Q2 2016 period 1 170 thousand dwellings were completed, a 2% drop on comparable basis. Data so far are in line with our expectations.

residential-russia

  • Residential permit – Biggest markets: Turkey

Almost 960 thousand dwellings were permitted in the last 4 quarters including Q2 2016, meaning a 10% increase compared to a year ago. Completion stood at around 725 thousand, 3% more than in Q2 2015. These are in line with our predictions.

residential-turkey


  • Non-residential permit – Biggest growth rates: Serbia

In Q2 2015 – Q2 2016, surpassing well its 2007-2008 level, 1.5 million m2 non-residential floor area was permitted, meaning an almost 100% jump from a year ago. This is supporting our optimistic outlook.

non-residential-serbia

  • Non-residential permit – Biggest growth rates: Slovenia

Slovenia is coming back from very low levels, in the Q2 2015 – Q2 2016 period altogether 735 thousand m2 non-residential floor area got permit, an increase of almost 60% over a year earlier. This is also in line with our positive outlook.

non-residential-slovenia

  • Non-residential permit – Biggest markets: Turkey

Permits for around 48 million m2 of non-residential floor area were issued in the latest 4 quarters until Q2 2016, which is virtually the same level than a year ago. This does not contradict with our soft-landing scenario. Completion is 11% in the positive territory in the Q2 2015 – Q2 2016 period against the corresponding period a year ago, but in case of non-residential sub-sector, the connection between output and completion is not as strong as in case of residential.

non-residential-turkey

  • Non-residential completion – Biggest markets: Russia

Coming down very slightly from the peak, in Q2 2015 – Q2 2016 around 30 million m2 non-residential floor areas were competed. Investment into non-residential construction has been shrinking recently, so this does not contradict our pessimistic outlook.

non-residential-russia


The interactive graphs are updated half-yearly, in between 2 report issuance. If you would like to have the row data in xls, feel free to contact us.

Data are from national statistical offices: NSI, Crostat, KSH, Insse, Rosstat, SURS, SORS, Tuik, Ukrstat

New manufacturing is coming: Europe or China will be the new China?

JAPAN-SCIENCE-TECHNOLOGY-ROBOT ELDERLY

Robear is helping to revolutionize the manufacturing industry: do robears prefer China or Europe? (source: HuffingtonPost)

Adidas has announced that it will open its first all-robot factory in Germany, and many will follow in rich countries. Foxconn, the manufacturer of Apple products fired 60,000 employees and employed robots instead of them. It seems this is the beginning of the end.

The way we manufacture products is about to change dramatically in the next decade. There are two intertwined trends that have already started to revolutionize the industry: the digitisation of industry (or the “takeover of robots”) and that global economic growth is less and less energy and machinery-intensive (more and more value added comes from services). None of these are new; however, both of these trends are in front of a new era of growth. Developments in big data and machine learning are increasing the capabilities of robots and global value chains are becoming seamless. Economic growth is coming increasingly from services, as opposed to manufacturing. Moreover, growing concerns about climate change and the ongoing shift away from heavy machinery in state-of-the-art manufacturing are leading to the growing use of lighter materials instead of metals. Continue reading New manufacturing is coming: Europe or China will be the new China?

The Do-It-Yourself guide to success in Central Eastern Europe

Are you a motivated social engineer in CEE? Do you want to change the country you live in? Or you are just interested, what could be the most successful strategy on the periphery of Europe? You are at the right place. Please, welcome the D-I-Y Guide to CEE!

In this post, we first define success in CEE. Second, using the Global Competitiveness Report, we analyze what aspects could help a country achieving that success. And third, we present you the ultimate D-I-Y Success Guide to CEE. Continue reading The Do-It-Yourself guide to success in Central Eastern Europe

EECFA countries in the European Commission (EC) 2016 Spring Macro forecast

The Spring Forecast of the European Commission has been released, and it covers EECFA member countries: Russia, Turkey, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Croatia, and Bulgaria, it only lacks Ukraine from the EECFA’s coverage. The EC forecast is intensively used in the EECFA reports for assembling the macro-economic environment, and also as a demand driver in specific segments. For example, consumption leads the demand for commercial buildings in the long run, or office sector’s employment drives the need for office buildings.

In this short note we are presenting the key facts about the EECFA countries in the Commission’s report, looking at how macro forecasts have changed since 2015 Autumn.

GDP

Chart 1 GDP growth forecast of EECFA countries and the EU (average 2015-2016-2017) Source: EC

Chart 1 presents the general economic outlook in the relevant countries – GDP growth from 2015 until 2017. Turkey leads the group with a close to 4% growth, even better prospects than in autumn. Romania and Bulgaria perform better than the EU average. Serbia and Croatia are lagging behind, while Russia is in a serious recession period in the forecast horizon.

In most of the countries of the region, economic outlook has improved since the latest forecast in Autumn 2015. The biggest change in the expectation was in Bulgaria, where forecasted GDP growth increased from 1.7 to 2.5 percent between Autumn 2015 and Spring 2016. Despite the positive outlook of EECFA, we can’t be optimistic regarding Russia where GDP is likely to shrink in the next 2 years; moreover, the rate of decrease has surged since Autumn 2015.

GFCF

Chart 2 The Gross fixed capital formation growth, and if available the building construction growth (average 2015-2016-2017) Source: EC

As it can be seen on chart 2, gross fixed capital formation growth is high in EECFA, which can be explained by the GFCF’s pro-cyclical characteristic. Serbia and Romania have the biggest GFCF growth rate among the examined countries, where GFCF is set to go up between 6.8-7.8 percent. In Turkey and Croatia the estimated growth is between 2.5-3.8 percent; in Slovenia and Bulgaria growth can be between 0-2 percent. The only country where GFCF declines is Russia; the expected shrinkage is near 4 percent.

Written by Aron Horvath, PhD, Head of Research, EECFA, ELTINGA

Q4 2015 Non-residential: permit – completion

viz_test

As almost all Q4 figures were published, we have updated our interactive graphs containing quarterly development of permit and completion in the countries we cover. Beside the residential market, now we have put together a similar one about non-residential buildings. The same 3 data types are provided and you can choose from floor area and number of buildings.

Looking at non-residential permits, a substantial growth is experienced on the Balkan. The only exception is Romania, but, for example in Serbia the permitted floor area is almost 100% above its 2014 level. The biggest countries of EECFA region suffer through, and all this is pretty much supporting the scenarios we have foreshadowed in our reports.

The interactive permit – completion graphs are available here:

1. Residential (number of dwellings)

2. Non-residential (floor area and number of buildings)

While putting together the non-residential figures, I became curious about how the levels are comparable to other European countries. Although some exact matchings have been found, the aim was rather to put the country level market sizes into another context (since we usually contrast them in money terms). The basis of the compilation is permitted non-residential floor area.

permit_comparison_2015

UK is not mentioned in this list, but it is most probable (based on the value of new non-residential construction) that its market in terms of floor area is bigger than that of France. However, permit data is not available in UK. The same is true to Russia, so completion is shown here instead. And one final note to the table is that permit generally refers to newly created spaces and rarely accounts information about renovation-like activity.

 

 

The coming wave of energy efficiency investments

The most energy efficient animal and the wave. Source: FatCatArt

This week’s post is concerned with energy efficiency investments in housing. We wanted to point out the importance of three factors: stable economic growth, further decrease of costs in renewables, and sufficient amount of fundings from the EU. All three factors seem to be fulfilled for the next couple of years, and we think a new wave of energy efficiency investments is likely in the future. Continue reading The coming wave of energy efficiency investments